TISSUE PAPER MAKING | A PROFITABLE SMALL BUSINESS
Tissue paper making is one of the technically feasible and financially viable projects which has huge returns with less investment. Small scale manufacturing and large scale manufacturing both are possible in tissue paper making business. Tissue paper industry has emerged as a new sub-segment within the paper industry in Nigeria. Major reasons behind it are increasing disposable income, hygiene consciousness among the people and deeper penetration of organized retail.
TISSUE PAPER MARKET POTENTIAL
As more and more people become hygiene conscious, the market base will keep on increasing. Moreover, as it is a recyclable and biodegradable product, it adds to the environment advantage too. The growth rate of the market is close to 12.5 percent year-on-year. The tissue paper industry high growth potential has propelled its migration from small scale Industry to a fully grown organized industry sector in Nigeria. Some of the big companies in the paper industry are moving into the tissue paper production in Nigeria.
The product has a strong export potential also. The major export markets are North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Mid East, Eastern Asia and Western Europe.
TISSUE PAPER MAKING BUSINESS REGISTRATION & LICENSES
In starting and operating tissue paper making business, you will need to have several different registration and license from the Government Authorities. These are as follows:
- Business registration with
- Trade License from local Municipal Authority.
- Pollution Control Board
- Factory License
FINANCE FOR TISSUE PAPER MAKING BUSINESS
Two types of finance are generally required in the tissue paper manufacturing business. Fixed cost including space and machines. Another one is working capital including raw material, wages, transportation etc. It is important to prepare a project report or business plan before initiating the business. According to the report, you can apply for a loan from any bank and financial institutions. In that case, owners credibility and at least 25% investment as owners allocation on total project cost is required.
TISSUE PAPER MAKING MACHINE & UNIT SETUP
Selecting a right location for the plant is an important factor in this business. The location should have ease availability of skilled labour, transportation, commercial electricity and water resources. According to your requirement, you will need to arrange the area of that space. It is advisable to have space in Industrial zone. You will need to arrange specific space for manufacturing operation, raw material storage, finished goods go down and admin section.
According to the desired output and manufacturing process, you will need to select the right machinery. Some of the important machines needed to get started include the Core making devices, Band saw cutter, Rewinding machine, the embossing unit, perforating unit etc.
TISSUE PAPER MANUFACTURING PROCESS
Tissue paper manufacturing process includes following steps:
Pulp and Dye: This is first in the process of making soft tissue paper. First you need to create paper pulp, which can be generated from recycled materials. You need to mix fibre with the wood pulp then you have to bleach it and wash it. Then you need to place the fibre in a mixing tank where the manufacturer adds components like dye. Tissue paper used for household purposes is normally dyed white. If you want you can mix with an assortment of dye colors.
Pressing: This pressing is done to squeeze out moisture. The main intention to press tissue is to make it dry and easy for it to enter next step of the process.
Creeping: Here pulp is processed through dryer heated by steam. This dryer helps in putting pulp process through creping. Roller dries up the pulp with extreme heat as fine blades scrape the tissue to desired thickness.
Cutting and Reeling: This is the final stage in the process. Here the long lengthy paper is cut into desired sizes. They cut the tissue to different sizes which are used for different purposes.