Banana is one of the important fruits in Nigeria. It occupies about 4.83 lakh hectares with a production of about 16.17 million MT. Banana is considered as a rich source of energy producing food. It is consumed in several varieties of preparations and forms. The major share of banana production in the country is consumed in the fresh form. Banana is highly perishable in nature. It can be preserved by processing to produce banana pulp, banana chips, banana powder etc. Banana wafer is an innovative product. It is a thin slice of banana that is deep fried until crunchy. Banana chips are commonly served as an appetizer, side dish, or snack. The basic chips are cooked and salted; additional varieties are manufactured using various flavorings and ingredients including seasonings, herbs, spices, cheeses, and artificial additives. Banana wafer making is profitable. You can run manufacturing operation with potato chips also.
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR BANANA WAFER MAKING BUSINESS
The processed food industry ranks fifth in size in the country, accounting for 14 % of the total industrial output and 6.5 % of GDP. There exists a very large market for chips and they can be sold at various retail outlets, paan shops, bus stands, railway stations, roadside eateries, etc. There also exists institutional market consisting of clubs and other institutions, school & college canteens, army establishments, bars & pubs, railway and airlines caterers, etc. Good quality banana wafers have also the export potential. Govt. of Nigeria has also allowed a tax holiday for five years for the food processing industry.
BANANA WAFER MAKING BUSINESS REGISTRATION & LICENSE
You will need to apply for different registrations and licenses from the different authority.
1. Register your business with CAC. For a Micro and small unit, you can register proprietorship firm. In a partnership operation LLP and Pvt. Ltd. options are recommended.
2. Obtain Trade License from Municipal Authority
3. Obtain VAT Registration
4. Apply for Food Business Operator License. It is mandatory for packaged food processing and selling in Nigeria.
5. In large scale operation, obtain Factory License.
BANANA WAFER MAKING MACHINE & UNIT SETUP
Small and medium scale banana wafer making unit can be initiated as the semi-automatic basis. To produce, 50 tons of banana chips every year with working of two shifts and 300 working days, following machinery are required.
1. Slicer made of SS with attachments and electric motor
2. Electrically-operated dryer with trolleys and 96 trays
3. Oil sieve
4. Automatic Sealing Machine
5. Coal-fired Furnace
6. Cutting and peeling knives, aluminum utensils, weighing scale, etc.
7. DG set
The site should be a raised one, well drained and must be well connected by roads. It should be preferably in a raw material production area or at the consumption centre. The hygienic condition of the surroundings must be kept in mind while selecting the site. Water and power in sufficient quantities and qualities must be available.
You can also establish the fully-automatic banana chips or banana wafer making unit. It will save manpower cost. A huge amount of production is also possible with this type of unit.
BANANA WAFER MAKING RAW MATERIALS
Varieties of Banana suitable for chips manufacturing are Nendran, Cavendish, and Pachabale. Other materials required are salt, edible oil, spices and flavors. But their quantities shall be very small. Printed polythene bags and corrugated or cardboard boxes would form the packing materials.
BANANA WAFER MAKING PROCESS FLOWCHART
Banana wafer making process is simple. It involves visual inspection and sorting of damaged bananas and washing them in water. Then they are peeled and trimmed before slicing or cutting them to the required size. Then they are once again washed and dried. They are then fried and either salt or other spices/flavours are mixed homogeneously. After cooling them, they are packed in pouches or plastic bags. In banana wafer making, the organic wastes like banana peels etc. are decomposable and biodegradable.