How to Start a Disposable Syringe Manufacturing Business

Disposable Syringes are made of plastic material and are used in the field of medical and veterinary science. Due to their availability in sterilized condition, ready to use, and cost effectiveness, disposable syringes are fast replacing the age-old glass syringes. Moreover, the horror of AIDS worldwide has almost dispensed with the reuse of syringes and the demand of disposable syringe has increased phenomenally. Disposable syringes are mostly injection moulded from polypropylene. Syringes are available in sizes of 1 ml, 2ml, 5 ml, and 10 ml, in a variety of designs and consist of either two or three components construction. The number and size of injection moulding machines required depend upon syringe construction, number of mould cavities, annual production.

Market Potential For Disposable Syringes
Disposable syringe has a wide market potential. The age-old glass syringes are very fast becoming obsolete. In the Eastern Region of the country there is no unit manufacturing this product. Some of the units manufacturing this product are in other parts of the country. 1. Steryware, Faridabad (2) Cadilac (3) Dispovan, Faridabad (4) Cadilac hospital product, Ahmedabad (5) Surgiplus, Ahmedabad (6) Transplastic Pondicherry (7) Disposable mediate, Chennai (8) Suru Chemicals, Mumbai (9) Albert David, M.P. (10) Manoj Surgical, Indore. Some of these units are 100% export-oriented units. In view of the fast expanding market the prospects of disposable syringe are very bright.
Manufacture process of Disposable Syringes
Production of disposable syringe requires special injection moulding machines and special moulds. M/s. Klockner Windsor has introduced Ferromatic Injection Moulding machine for this purpose. Raw material required is polypropylene. It is fed into the injection moulding machine and moulded in chilled condition to get better clarity. The moulded syringes is then assembled with the needle in automatic assembly machine. The whole assembly is then sterilized in sterilization plant using ethylene oxide. The completed syringe is then blister packed in automatic packing machine.
Quality Control and Standards
The product should conform to drug control specification and drug license should be obtained for production of this item.
Production Capacity (per month)
2 ml size- 9,60,000 Nos.
5 ml size- 9,60,000 Nos.
Pollution Control
No special pollution control measures are needed for manufacture of this item.
Energy Conservation
Proper maintenance of the power operated machines and judicial use of them will conserve energy.

Machinery and Equipments For Disposable Syringes

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Zigma Injection Moulding Machine
Sterilization plant (Ethylene Oxide)
Blister Packing Machine
Automatic Packing Machine
Scrap Grinding Machine
Weighing Scale
Air Compressor
Water Pump
Chilling Plant
Testing Equipment
Electrification and Installation
Firefighting Equipment
Set of Mould for 2 ml (16 cavities for barrel, 24 cavity for plunger)
Set of Moulds for 5 ml Syringe (16 Cavity for barrel, 16 cavity for plunger)


Raw Materials Including Packaging Requirement (per month)
Packing Material

Machinery Utilization
The unit will work 16 hrs. per day producing 4800 pieces per hour of 2 ml and 5 ml syringes weighing 2.5 gms. and 4.5 gms. respectively. 2% extra raw material is taken as wastage.

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