BUSINESS IDEAS

HOW TO START A BISCUIT MANUFACTURING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA


Biscuit making business is very lucrative and can be initiated as small scale basis. Biscuit making is a conventional activity and an entrepreneur can initiate this business with low startup capital also. Despite the advent of modern, large capacity and automatic biscuit making plants, a large section of people still prefers fresh biscuits from the local bakery as they are cheap and offer many varieties. These manufacturers are able to cater to some typical local palate as well. Thus, they are able to withstand competition from organised sector units.

MARKET OPPORTUNITY FOR BISCUIT MAKING
The biscuit market is very promising and expecting a higher growth in near future. Biscuit market is all about effective decision-making, and strategic planning as to how to sell, what kind packaging should be done, what will be the pricing strategy etc. Biscuits market is seen to be dominating in the food industry due to its innovative packaging, new flavors, tastes, shapes, new technologies, and rising health consciousness among consumers. Urban and semi-urban markets are dominated by many national and regional brands but even then many local manufacturers have also carved a special niche as their products are fresh, they offer many varieties and they are cheaper.

BISCUIT MAKING BUSINESS REGISTRATION
In starting biscuit making business first you will need to determine the ownership pattern and register the firm accordingly with Registrar Of Companies. You need to obtain Trade License from the local authority. Apply for Vat Registration. As biscuit is a food item you have to take a NAFDAC license. Register your business with local CAC office. While you are starting a commercial biscuit making company, it is advisable to take No Objection from Pollution Control Board.

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BISCUIT MAKING RAW MATERIAL & PROCESS FLOW CHART

The basic raw material for the manufacture of biscuits is wheat flour. The requirement will not be substantial but supply arrangements with flour mill of the region would ensure smooth supplies. Other items like yeast, sugar, ghee, milk powder, salt, edible colours, flavours etc. will be required in small quantities. The Proper packaging system is required for moisture proof packaging.

Manufacturing process is simple and conventional. Wheat flour along with other ingredients is mixed with water and dough is prepared. Then it is kept at a normal room temperature for about couple of hours to allow proper fermentation. Then it is placed in biscuit moulding trays and these trays are placed in an oven for baking. After requisite baking, trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are packed. The process flow chart is as under:

Making the dough by mixing the ingredients → Process of fermentation → Giving the shape → Baking the raw biscuit → Testing → Packaging.

BISCUIT MAKING MACHINES
The machinery required for biscuit making are dough mixer, rotary moulder, rotary cutter, laminator, biscuit baking oven, cooling conveyor, oil sprayer, two-tier cooling conveyor with standard accessories, biscuit sandwiching machine. You also need to purchase sealing and wrapping machines for packaging purpose. According to the required output, you will need to purchase the machinery.

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